Copyright issues

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Reprinted under the Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. I make such material available in my efforts to advance understanding of environmental, government education, political, human rights, economic, republic Vs. democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. I believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

I am developing what I hope will be viewed as a vital resource for every American who yearns to reclaim their liberty. Multimedia and information products are incorporated herein using hyper-links to existing material (print, sound, image) created by someone else (which I hope is adequate credit and useful to the author). In most cases, I have electronically written to the author and obtained copyright permission (and usually thanks).

I have also installed selections from files authored by myself as well as files given to me in person during my travels around these united States and the rest of the world. Each time I have been given a file, I have asked about the author's permission to utilize the material, and in every instance, to date, I have received representations from the donor that they either have the author's permission to distribute, or that no copyrights exist, in the proffered materials.

This has worked well enough, until June 7, 1996, at which time I was advised the item Report from Iron Mountain was reproduced in total disregard to the rights of the author and his publisher. Immediately thereupon, I removed the offending material and notified the publisher's representative of my actions (and contrition).

I appreciate all constructive criticism, suggestions, and submissions at this site. I want everyone to feel as much a part of this enterprise for freedom as they wish; but PLEASE HELP ME HELP YOU:

Don't submit materials if you are not absolutely positive about the copyright status!

This is a tedious time-consuming business (but Universities can provide help for their staff and students, and if you aren't either staff or student then maybe you can cozy up to one and get it done on the QT - that is the limit of my criminality). Their Copyright Assistant can assist in the following ways:

Establishing whether or not copyright or related rights exist in a work or extract.

Tracing the present rights owner(s).

Contacting and negotiating with rights owners.

Reasonable costs associated with these tasks are borne centrally excluding permission fees (and you CAN make a donation to the school and it's library to assuage any guilt you feel if you followed the suggestion hereinabove).

The following is an example one (UK) University encountered and the steps they took to avoid criminal and civil liability:

ROCKERS SOCK IT TO WEB THIEVES

The British rock band Oasis says it will file lawsuits against hundreds of Internet sites for unlawful use of copyrighted photographs, video clips, song lyrics and sound samples without permission. The sites have been given 30 days to erase the illegal material. A statement from the band expressed appreciation for being honored by "fun and interesting" fan sites but emphasized that unauthorized use of copyrighted material "can be seen as theft." (Financial Times 15 May 97)

WWW copyright infringement warning

A University recently became guilty of infringing copyright laws on the World Wide Web as a result of the activities of one of its students. We have been requested by Dennis Jackson of UKERNA to pass on the following message about the risks:

"Providing unauthorized copies of material could result in both criminal and civil legal action against individuals and the

organization concerned. In the United Kingdom the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 sets out the legal environment for intellectual property. Attention is drawn to the following sections of the Act: - 16, 17 and 18 describing acts restricted by copyright; - 96 and 97 regarding legal actions by the copyright owner; - 107 and 110 in relation to criminal liability.

In this particular case the material was over twenty MIDI sound files containing copies of songs from current films and

recording artists. The files had been uploaded by a student to an area made available for personal web pages. The holders of the copyright for the songs objected to this material being published. They notified the university who promptly removed the files from their web server.

Industry associations are on the lookout for copyright violations. FAST (Federation Against Software Theft) and SPA

(Software Publishers Association) are well known for their activities. Other groups are now following suit and actively seeking out copyright violations on the net. Sites are advised to ensure that any material made available on their web, ftp, gopher and other servers maintains the rights of the copyright holder. Creators of web pages should be aware of their responsibilities and any restrictions on the content of the pages."

If you are in any doubt about the copyright status of specific material please contact Deirdre Sharp, c/o Library, ext 2102,

before making material available on the Web.

d.n.sharp@uea.ac.uk